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Asia History

The early Greeks with Asia referred to all of them so-called "barbaric" countries that do not belong to Europe, including Libya (Africa). Asia was initially the name for the colonies of the west coast of Asia Minor founded by the Ionians.

Asia History

Asian mankind can be traced back to the Paleolithic. From China to Manchuria, the Gobi Desert, the Baikal area, India, Iran, Two-Streamland, Syria, Palestine, numerous early Ice Age sites have been found. As far as the continent was not affected by the glaciation, it experienced the climate changes as long rainy or dry seasons. Early cultures flourished as early as 5000 BC. in Iraq, with village settlements and farming of animal breeders; around 4500 BC a first sanctuary rose in Palestine (Jericho). Here, in Syria, Mesopotamia, Iraq and Turkmenistan, arable farming can subsequently be demonstrated. Around 3000 BC High cultures with city facilities became visible in China, India, in the two streams and in Mesopotamia with the first monumental temple building; first states and empires. Asia was the playground of conquering steppe peoples (Huns, Tatars, Mongols, Turks, etc.).

Hekataios of Miletus

The main sources for the early history are Hekataios of Miletus around 500 BC. and Herodotus around 45 BC Around 400 BC Krepias, a Knidos doctor who lived at the Persian court, reported about India. With the trains of Alexander the Great, the name is transferred to all countries to the east. Nearchus is concerned with the geographical development of Asia through his journey from the Indus estuary to the Euphrates in 325 BC. earned; a little later Seleukos Nikator and his son Antiochos sailed the Indian Ocean and the Caspian Sea. In the post-Alexander period, trade relations between Egypt and India. The Roman province of Asia comprised the 133 BC. inherited Attalid Empire from Pergamon; Lydia, Phrygia and Rhodes were added later. Rome's trade reached as far as India and China, yet Inner Asia itself was closed to the Roman advance through the great Persian power; Central Asia was still unknown to Ptolemy. In the Middle Ages, the Arabs opened up numerous markets in South and East Asia. In the 13th century western legations negotiated in the Mongolian residence in the interior of Mongolia. From 1271 to 1295, the Venetian Marco Polo traveled through Mongolia, China and Bengal on behalf of the Pope and out of commercial interest. In 1498 the Portuguese sailed around Africa and discovered the sea route to the East Indies; this marked the beginning of a new era in the geographical development of Asia, particularly through the Portuguese. In 1521 Magellan traveled around the world to the Philippines; Gracia Henriques took Celebes in 1525, Vasco Laurez in 1526 Borneo. Around 1542 Europeans invade Japan. In 1571 the Spaniards settled in the Philippines. The Russian advance of the Cossacks Yermaks to Siberia began in 1580, the Lena in 1628, the Amur and the Sea of ​​Okhotsk in 1640. In 1600, Queen Elizabeth of England sent an expedition to India. Until 1660 the Dutch settled in the archipelago of Java, Celebes, Borneo etc. In 1601, the French also started trips to the East Indies. By order of Peter the Great, several Russian expeditions to the north went from 1711 to 1716; 1725-1728 Bering visited the coast of northern Siberia and the sea of ​​Kamchatka; With the circumnavigation of James Cooks (1772 to 1775), the northeastern coasts of Asia were also explored. Since then, the geographic picture of the continent has brightened rapidly.

coast of northern Siberia

Almost all major human religions originated in Asia, which has most countries in the world according to Asia had no political opposition to European imperialism for a long time. It was only in the 20th century that a wave of nationalism swept through all the Asian nations. Japanese imperialism adopted the slogan "Asia to the Asians"; Since the Second World War, the nations of Asia have fought for independence from European or American rule.

Countries in Asia
  1. Afghanistan
  2. Armenia
  3. Azerbaijan
  4. Bahrain
  5. Bangladesh
  6. Bhutan
  7. Brunei
  8. Cambodia
  9. China
  10. Cyprus
  11. East Timor
  12. Georgia
  13. India
  14. Indonesia
  15. Iran
  16. Iraq
  17. Israel
  18. Japan
  19. Jordan
  20. Kazakhstan
  21. Kuwait
  22. Kyrgyzstan
  23. Laos
  24. Lebanon
  25. Malaysia
  26. Maldives
  27. Mongolia
  28. Nepal
  29. North Korea
  30. Myanmar
  31. Oman
  32. Pakistan
  33. Philippines
  34. Qatar
  35. Saudi Arabia
  36. Singapore
  37. South Korea
  38. Sri Lanka
  39. Syria
  40. Tajikistan
  41. Taiwan
  42. Thailand
  43. Turkey
  44. Turkmenistan
  45. United Arab Emirates
  46. Uzbekistan
  47. Vietnam
  48. Yemen

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