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Yearbook 1998

Armenia. The conflict surrounding the Armenian enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh in Azerbaijan in February forced Armenian President Levon Ter-Petrosian to resign. He wanted to end an economic boycott against Armenia from the oil-rich Azerbaijan and its allied Turkey. Therefore, he sought a negotiation solution around Nagorno-Karabakh and was prepared for territorial concessions to reach his goal.

However, such a compromise was inconceivable for the government, the National Assembly and large sections of the population. Demonstrations were conducted against Ter-Petrosian and the criticism was led by Prime Minister Robert Kotjarjan. This was elected in March as new president. However, observers from the European Security Organization OSCE reported on the irregularities in the election.

According to Countryaah, Kotjarjan was formerly Nagorno-Karabakh's president and led the enclave's outbreak of war against Azerbaijan. Despite its hard line in the conflict, Kotjarjan, as newly appointed president, promised to continue the peace talks led by the OSCE. This happened at a meeting in Moscow with Azerbaijan President Gejdar Alijev. In April, Kotjarjan appointed former finance minister Armen Darbinjan as new prime minister. He advocates rapid privatization and extensive economic reform.

Darbinjan visited Azerbaijan in September, the first visit of its kind since the war. However, no progress was made in the peace talks.

1998 Armenia


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